# Welcome to B.E

• ## Syllabus

UNIT 1:
Introduction to Finite element method: General applicability and description of finite element method, comparison with other methods.

UNIT 2:
Solution of finite element method: Solution of equilibrium problems, eigen value problems, propagation problems, computer implementation of Gaussian eliminations, Choleskis decomposition, Jocobis and Ranga-Kutta method.

UNIT 3:
General procedure of finite element method: Descretization of the domain, selection of shapes, types and number of elements, node numbering technique, interpolation, polynomials, their selection and derivation in terms of global and local coordinates, convergence requirements. Formulation of element characteristic matrices and vectors, variational approach.

UNIT 4:
Iso-parametric formulation: Lagrange and Hermite interpolation functions, iso- parametric elements, numerical integration.

UNIT 5:
Static analysis: Formulation of equilibrium equation, analysis of truss, frames, plane stress and plane strain problems.

## NOTES

• Unit 1
• Unit 2
• Unit 3
• Unit 4
• Unit 5

## References:

1. Weaver, Johnson, Finite element and structural analysis
2. HC Martin, Matrix structural analysis
3. CF Abel, CS Desai, Finite element methods
4. Buchanan, Finite element Analysis (Schaum Outline S), TMH
5. Krishnamurthy, Finite element analysis, TM

• ## Syllabus

UNIT 1:
Basic Concepts Of Gis Basics of Geographic Information System (GIS): , Definition, Evolution & Components. GIS data input devices like scanner, digitizer, GPS, Remote sensing etc. Manual and semi-automatic line following digitization. Data Model: Raster Data Model, Grid ,Tessellations. Spatial and attribute data visualization and query. Open GIS consortium, Customization in GIS , Object Oriented GIS, Web GIS, Introduction to popular GIS software like Arc GIS and QGIS.

UNIT 2:
Geo Informatics In Urban Mapping And Management: Remote sensing for detection of urban features. Introduction & basic terminology. Digital image processing techniques – Case studies. Segmentation of Built-up areas – Classification algorithms – Land use/ Land cover mapping – change detection – high resolution remote sensing – case studies. Mapping transportation network –Alignment planning – Traffic and parking studies – Accident analysis – case studies. Urban growth modeling – Expert systems in planning.

UNIT 3:
Basic Concepts Of Photogrammetry :History and development:- Types of aerial photo, Classification of aerial cameras, Scale, Overlaps, Stereoscopy, Concepts, Viewing and measuring systems, Image and object coordinates, floating mark, parallax equation, height information, Tilt , Rectification , Displacement. Flight planning, computation for flight plan, photo control, cost estimation, aerial mosaics, types. Concepts of interior, relative, absolute orientation, object, image relation, linearization, effect of orientation elements , scaling and leveling , analytical procedures , map compilation using stereo plotters.
Introduction to digital photogrammetry, Elements of Aero triangulation and analytical method, strip and block adjustment, Terrestrial photogrammetry.

UNIT 4:
GPS Surveying: Introduction & components of GPS, Space segment, control segment and user segment, Elements of Satellite based surveys-Map datums, GPS receivers, GPS observation methods and their advantages over conventional methods.

UNIT 5:
Remote Sensing: Principle, components, classification, application on environmental engineering, hydrology and water resources , agriculture & forestry, disaster management.
Microwave Remote Sensing:Introduction, basic concepts, terminology and sensors in MWRS. Radar basics, radar interaction with earth surface ,geometry of radar images, radar return and image signature, resolution concepts.

## NOTES

• Unit 1
• Unit 2
• Unit 3
• Unit 4
• Unit 5

## References:

1. Plane Surveying- A. M. Chandra, New Age International.
2. Surveying and Leveling-Part-I & IIT- P. Kanetkar and S. V. Kulkarni, Vidyarthi Griha Prakashan.
3. Geoinformation: Remote Sensing, Photogrammetry and Geographic Information Systems- Gottfried Konecny, CRCPress
4. Elements of Photogrammetry- Paul R.Wolf, McGraw-Hill
5.Photogrammetry, Vol 1&II - Karl Kraus, Walter de Gruyter
6.Remote Sensing and image interpretation- Lillesand T.M. and Kiefer R. W., Willey. 7.Introduction to remote sensing - J. B. Campbell, John Villey.
8. Introductory digital image processing- J. R., Jensen Prentice Hall.
9. Remote Sensing in Civil Engineering- Kennie, T. J. M. and Matthews M. C., Surrey University Press.
10. GPS satellite surveying- Alfred Leick,.Wiley
11. GPS Theory, Algorithms and Applications- GuochengXu, Springer
12. Microwave remote sensing vol-1,vol-2- Ulaby,F.T.,Moore,K.R. and Fung,Artech House Publishers.
13. Principles and applications of Imaging - Floyd. M. Handerson Anthony, J.Lewis, Wiley.
14. Air and space borne radar systems-An introduction- Philippe Lacomme and Eric Normant, Elsevier.
15. Introduction to microwave remote sensing- Iain H.woodhouse,CRCPress
16. Satellite Remote Sensing for Hydrology and Water Management- Eric C. Barrett, Clare H.Power, Taylor & Francis Ltd
17. Hydrologic and Hydraulic Modeling Supportwith Geographic Information Systems- Dr. David Maidment, Dr. Dean Djokic, Esri Press.

• ## Syllabus

UNIT 1:
Solid Waste And Its Management: Introduction to solid waste-Definition of solid waste, garbage, rubbish-Sources and Types. Characteristics of Solid Wastes: Physical, chemical and biological characteristics. 3Rs- Reduction, reuse, recycling and recovery principles of waste management- Functional elements of Solid Waste management- Waste generation and handling at source-Collection of solid wastes- Collection methods and services- guidelines for collection route layout.

UNIT 2:
Waste Water And Its Management: Characteristics and analysis of waste water, recycles of decomposition, physical, chemical & biological parameters. Unit operations for waste water treatment, preliminary treatment.

UNIT 3:
Hazardous Waste And Its Management: Introduction to hazardous waste management issues, classification; Magnitude of problem; Risk assessment; Environmental Legislation; Characterization and site assessment; Waste minimization and resource recovery; Storage and Transportation of Hazardous wastes; Hazard in processing and treatment; Physical, Chemical, Thermal and Biological processes;

UNIT 4:
Transfer And Transport Of Wastes: Solid Waste transportation: Transfer station- Processing and segregation of the solid waste- various methods of material segregation. Hazardous waste transportation: According to economic benefits, transfer stations, and types of hazardous waste.

UNIT 5:
Disposal Of Wastes: Solid waste disposal: Volume reduction, Open dumping, land filling techniques. Landfills: classification-Design and Operation of landfills, Land Farming, Deep well injection. Hazardous waste disposal; Landfill disposal and land storage; Ground water contamination; Containment; remedial alternatives. Natural methods of waste water disposal i.e. by land treatment & by dilution, self purification capacity of stream, Oxygen sag analysis.

## NOTES

• Unit 1
• Unit 2
• Unit 3
• Unit 4
• Unit 5

## References:

1. Waste Water Engg. by B.C. Punmia - Laxmi Publication (P) Ltd. New Delhi
2. Environmental Engg. - M.L. Davis & D.A. Cornwell - Mc Graw Hill Company
3. Integrated Solid Waste Management by Tchobanognous
4. Environmental Engineering by Howard S. Peavy, Donald R. Rowe and George.
5. Hazardous Waste Management by Charles A. Wentz - - Mc Graw Hill Company
6. Hazardous Waste Management Gaynor W. Dawson, Basil W. Mercer

• ## Syllabus

UNIT 1:
Housing Scenario: Introducing, Status of urban housing, Status of Rural Housing. b) Housing Finance: Introducing, Existing finance system in India, Government role as facilitator, Status at Rural Housing Finance, Impedimental in housing finance and related issues. (c) Land use and physical planning for housing: Introduction, Planning of urban land, Urban land ceiling and regulation act, Efficiency of building bye laws, Residential Densities.

UNIT 2:
Development and adopting sustainable construction technology: Introduction, Adoption of innovative cost effective construction techniques, Adoption of pre-cast elements in partial prefabrication, Adopting of total prefabrication of mass housing in India, General remarks on pre cast rooting/flooring systems, Economical wall system, Single Brick thick loading bearing wall, 19cm thick load bearing masonry walls, Half brick thick load bearing wall, Fly ash-gypsum brick for masonry, Stone Block masonry, Adoption of pre-cast R.C. plank and join system for roof/floor in the building.

UNIT 3:
Alternative building materials for sustainable construction: Introduction, Substitute for scarce materials, Ferro-cement- Gypsum boards, Timber substitutions, Industrial wastes, Agricultural wastes, cement-soil blocks for masonry, stabilized mud construction Low cost Infrastructure services: Introducing- Present status- Technological options- Low cost sanitation’s Domestic wall- Water supply- energy.

UNIT 4:
Housing the urban poor: Introduction, Living conditions in slums, Approaches and strategies for housing urban poor. Rural Housing: Introduction, traditional practice of rural housing continuous, Mud Housing technology, Mud roofs, Characteristics of mud, Fire resistant treatment for thatched roof, Soil stabilization, Rural Housing programs.

UNIT 5:
Construction in Disaster Prone areas: Introduction, Earthquake, Damages to houses, Traditional Housing in disaster prone areas, Type of Damages of non-engineered buildings, Repair and restore action of earthquake Damaged non-engineered buildings recommendations for future constructions, Requirements of structural safety of thin pre-cast roofing units against earthquake forces, Status of R& D in earthquake strengthening measures, Floods- cyclone, future safety.

## NOTES

• Unit 1
• Unit 2
• Unit 3
• Unit 4
• Unit 5

## References:

1. Building materials for low-income houses – International council for building research studies and documentations.
2. Hand book of low cost housing by A.K.Lal – Newage international publishers.
3. Properties of Concrete – Neville A.M. Pitman publishing Limited- London.
4. Light weight concrete- Academic kiado- Rudhai .G – Publishing home of Hungarian Academy of Sciences 1963.
5. Low cost Housing – G.C. Mathur
6. Modern trends in housing in developing countries – A.G. Madhava Rao- D.S. Ramachandra Murthy & G.Annamalai.

• ## Syllabus

UNIT 1:
Understanding Disasters: Understanding the Concepts and definitions of Disaster, Hazard, Vulnerability, Risk, Capacity – Disaster and Development, and disaster management

UNIT 2:
Types, Trends, Causes, Consequences and Control of Disasters: Geological Disasters (earthquakes, landslides, tsunami, mining); Hydro-Meteorological Disasters (floods, cyclones, lightning, thunder-storms, hail storms, avalanches, droughts, cold and heat waves) Biological Disasters (epidemics, pest attacks, forest fire); Technological Disasters (chemical, industrial, radiological, nuclear) and Manmade Disasters (building collapse, rural and urban fire, road and rail accidents, nuclear, radiological, chemicals and biological disasters) Global Disaster Trends – Emerging Risks of Disasters – Climate Change and Urban Disasters

UNIT 3:
Disaster Management Cycle and Framework: Disaster Management Cycle – Paradigm Shift in Disaster Management Pre-Disaster – Risk Assessment and Analysis, Risk Mapping, Zonation and Microzonation, Prevention and Mitigation of Disasters, Early Warning System; Preparedness, Capacity Development; Awareness During Disaster – Evacuation – Disaster Communication – Search and Rescue – Emergency Operation Centre – Incident Command System – Relief and Rehabilitation – Post-disaster – Damage and Needs Assessment, Restoration of Critical Infrastructure – Early Recovery – Reconstruction and Redevelopment; IDNDR, Yokohama Strategy, Hyogo Framework of Action

UNIT 4:
Disaster Management in India: Disaster Profile of India – Mega Disasters of India and Lessons Learnt Disaster Management Act 2005 – Institutional and Financial Mechanism National Policy on Disaster Management, National Guidelines and Plans on Disaster Management; Role of Government (local, state and national),Non-Government and Inter- governmental Agencies

UNIT 5:
Applications of Science and Technology for Disaster Management: Geo-informatics in Disaster Management (RS, GIS, GPS and RS) Disaster Communication System (Early Warning and Its Dissemination) Land Use Planning and Development Regulations Disaster Safe Designs and Constructions Structural and Non Structural Mitigation of Disasters S&T Institutions for Disaster Management in India, Role of Engineers in Disaster Management

## NOTES

• Unit 1
• Unit 2
• Unit 3
• Unit 4
• Unit 5

## References:

1. Coppola D P, 2007. Introduction to International Disaster Management, Elsevier Science (B/H), London.
2. Manual on natural disaster management in India, M C Gupta, NIDM, New Delhi
3. An overview on natural & man-made disasters and their reduction, R K Bhandani, CSIR, New Delhi
4. World Disasters Report, 2009. International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent, Switzerland
5. Encyclopedia of disaster management, Vol I, II and IIIL Disaster management policy and administration, S L Goyal, Deep & Deep, New Delhi, 2006
6. Encyclopedia of Disasters – Environmental Catastrophes and Human Tragedies, Vol. 1 & 2, Angus M. Gunn, Greenwood Press, 2008
7. Disasters in India Studies of grim reality, Anu Kapur & others, 2005, 283 pages, Rawat Publishers, Jaipur
8. Management of Natural Disasters in developing countries, H.N. Srivastava & G.D. Gupta, Daya Publishers, Delhi, 2006, 201 pages
9. Natural Disasters, David Alexander, Kluwer Academic London, 1999, 632 pages
10. Disaster Management Act 2005, Publisher by Govt. of India

• ## Syllabus

UNIT 1:
Transportation Planning Process: Definition of Study Area; Zoning Principles; Types of Surveys: Home Interview Studies, Commercial Vehicle Surveys, Road Side Interview Methods, Public Transport Studies, Land Use Inventory; O-D Matrix and Desire Line Diagram. Accident Studies & Mass Transportation : (i)Accident Studies : Causes of accidents, accident studies and records, condition and collision diagram, preventive measures. (ii) Expressways and freeways, problems on mass transportation and remedial measures, brief study of mass transportation available in the country.

UNIT 2:
Trip Generation: Four Stage UTP Process; Travel Demand Models; Sequential Models and Direct Demand Models; Factors affecting Travel Demand; Trip Generation; Multiple Regression Analysis; Category Analysis; Aggregate and Disaggregate Models. TRIP Distribution: Trip Distribution Models- Growth Factor Models: Uniform Growth Factor, Average Growth Factor, Fratar Method and Furness Method; Limitations of Growth factor Models; Gravity Model – Calibration of Gravity Model.; Opportunity Models. Traffic Assignment: Purpose of Traffic Assignment; Assignment Techniques-All-or-Nothing Assignment, Multiple Route Assignment, Capacity restraint assignment; Use of Diversion Curves in Assignment.

UNIT 3:
Mode Split: Factors affecting Mode Split; Pre–distribution Mode Split; Post- Distribution Mode Split; Advantages and Disadvantages; Probit, Logit and Discriminant Analysis in Mode Split. Land use and transportation system: Urban system components, Concept and definitions, criteria for measuring and comparing urban structure, land use and transportation.

UNIT 4:
Pavement Design Factors: Design wheel load, strength characteristics of pavement materials, climatic variations, traffic - load equivalence factors and equivalent wheel loads. Flexible Pavements Design: Component parts of the pavement structures and their functions, stresses in flexible pavements, Stress distribution through various layers, Boussinesque’s theory , Burmister’s two layered theory, methods of design, Group Index method, CBR method, IRC method, AASHTO method, Burmister’s method and North Dakota cone method. Applications of pavement design software.

UNIT 5:
Rigid Pavements: Evaluation of sub grade, Modulus-K by plate bearing test and the test details, Westergaard’s stress theory stresses in rigid pavements, Temperature stresses, warping stresses, frictional stresses, critical combination of stresses, critical loading positions. Rigid Pavement Design: Types of joints and their functions, joint spacing; design of CC pavement for roads, highways and expressways as per IRC, AASHTO, design of joints. Design of continuously reinforced concrete pavements. Reliability; Use of software for rigid pavement design.

## NOTES

• Unit 1
• Unit 2
• Unit 3
• Unit 4
• Unit 5

## References:

1. Adib Kanafani.(1983). Transportation Demand Analysis. Mc Graw Hill Series in Transportation, Berkeley.
2. Hutchinson, B.G. (1974). Principles of Urban Transport Systems Planning. Mc Graw Hill Book Company, New York.
3. John W.Dickey. (1975). Metropolitan Transportation Planning. Mc Graw Hill Book Company, New York.
4. Papacostas, C.S., and Prevedouros, P.D. (2002). Transportation Engineering and Planning. 3rd Edition, Prentice - Hall of India Pvt Ltd., 318-436.
5. Khisty C.J., Transportation Engineering - An Introduction, Prentice Hall, India, 2002.
6. Yoder and Witczak, Priniciples of Pavement Design, John Wiley and Sons
7. Yang. H. Huang, Pavement Analysis and Design, Second Edition, Prentice Hall Inc.
8. Rajib B. Mallick and Tahar El-Korchi, Pavement Engineering – Principles and Practice, CRC Press (Taylor and Francis Group)
9. W.Ronald Hudson, Ralph Haas and Zeniswki , Modern Pavement Management, Mc Graw Hill and Co Academic Session 2016-17
10. Relevant IRC Codes
11. Bruton M J (1981), “Introduction to transportation planning”, Hutchinson of London
12. Dickey J W(1980), “Metropolitan Transportation Planning”, Tata McGraw Hill
13. Principles of Transportation Engineering : P. Chakraborty and A. Das
14. Fundamentals of Transportation Engineering: : C.S. Papacoastas
15. Traffic Engineering and Transport Planning: : L.R. Kadyal